Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD)

I USA har personer med et problematisk forhold til alkohol fått den medisinske diagnosen "alcohol use disorder" eller AUD. I en undersøkelse i 2012 regnet man med at ca. 7.2% av den voksne befolkningen over 18 år i USA kunne diagnostiseres med AUD.

For å bli diagnostisert med AUD må pasienten oppfylle visse kriterier i "Diagnostic and Statistcal Manual of Mental Disorders" DSM-5 definert av USA sitt National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

 

To be diagnosed with an AUD, individuals must meet certain criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Under DSM–5, the current version of the DSM, anyone meeting any two of the 11 criteria during the same 12-month period receives a diagnosis of AUD. The severity of an AUD—mild, moderate, or severe—is based on the number of criteria met.

 

To assess whether you or loved one may have an AUD, here are some questions to ask. In the past year, have you:

 

  • Had times when you ended up drinking more, or longer than you intended?

  • More than once wanted to cut down or stop drinking, or tried to, but couldn’t?

  • Spent a lot of time drinking? Or being sick or getting over the aftereffects?

  • Experienced craving — a strong need, or urge, to drink?

  • Found that drinking — or being sick from drinking — often interfered with taking care of your home or family? Or caused job troubles? Or school problems?

  • Continued to drink even though it was causing trouble with your family or friends?

  • Given up or cut back on activities that were important or interesting to you, or gave you pleasure, in order to drink?

  • More than once gotten into situations while or after drinking that increased your chances of getting hurt (such as driving, swimming, using machinery, walking in a dangerous area, or having unsafe sex)?

  • Continued to drink even though it was making you feel depressed or anxious or adding to another health problem? Or after having had a memory blackout?

  • Had to drink much more than you once did to get the effect you want? Or found that your usual number of drinks had much less effect than before?

Found that when the effects of alcohol were wearing off, you had withdrawal symptoms, such as trouble sleeping, shakiness, irritability, anxiety, depression, restlessness, nausea, or sweating? Or sensed things that were not there?

If you have any of these symptoms, your drinking may already be a cause for concern. The more symptoms you have, the more urgent the need for change. A health professional can conduct a formal assessment of your symptoms to see if an alcohol use disorder is present.

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LOREM IPSUM DOLOR SITAME CONSECTETUR ADIPISCING

 

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